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Large MPVs -- Ford Galaxy / VW Sharan / SEAT Alhambra: => Ford Galaxy / VW Sharan / SEAT Alhambra => Topic started by: bigjeeze on July 25, 2015, 04:49:52 PM

Title: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on July 25, 2015, 04:49:52 PM
My MK2 has been losing a small amount of water for a long time - I just kept on topping it up. On Wednesday this week however, it suddenly started to overheat = something it has never done.  When I got home there was no apparent water in the expansion bottle - but when I released the cap  it filled rapidly. I immediately thought head gasket. I still think head gasket but I have a few questions. When the water filled up the tank - it was and is clear and clean with no signs of oil or any contaminants. The engine runs perfectly, except it gets hot.  I don't think that any water is coming back via the return but am not totally sure. What I am confused by is that when left overnight to cool down there is still pressure in the expansion tank.  When pressure is released and again left overnight it doesn't drain back it remains in the expansion bottle.  Is it possible that the return hose might be blocked - If so how best to test it?. If it is the water pump again why does the water not drain back?

Any ideas ( That aren't the head gasket!! ??? ????

If it is then I will have to sort it but I am hoping that it isn't.

Over to you guys!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: Chrispb on July 26, 2015, 04:39:08 AM
Hi BJ
The pressure when cold is the clue here, normally pressure builds as the engine warms up then as it cools down so the pressure goes back to zero.
When a head gasket is blowing the combustion gas is forced into the cooling system usually up to the limit of the pressure cap, anything over the limit of the cap will be blown out of the cap.
As the engine cools down the combustion gas will remain until the cap is released.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: columbiers on July 27, 2015, 04:28:18 PM
Any garage can quickly test for presence of exhaust gas in the coolant- quite often they will do it for free if they're not busy and you ask politely.
Or if you prefer to do it yourself, search for block test kit on ebay, around 30 and a useful piece of equipment to have around.
This will confirm/eliminate head gasket which, unfortunately, it sounds like it is.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on July 28, 2015, 07:27:54 PM
Thanks Guys - I have come to that conclusion as well. I have started to strip the engine down but my TIS running on a laptop with Windows XP won't talk to my printer so I can print the text but not the drawings.  I have never removed the head and am dreading taking off the manifolds.  Ho HUm.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 01, 2015, 03:40:34 PM


Started stripping the head today. What a pig!    The camshaft wheel thingy - I don't have a puller so that is hold back one bolt for the timing cover.   The exhaust to manifold - three nuts - the studs have sheared so that 's likely to be fun. Lastly - I need to remove the O/S drive shaft etc to get at the manifold bolts - what a swine ( there's a porcine theme starting here!).   I need to get an assistant to get the D/S off as I can't be arsed to keep on jumping up to put the car in and out of gear so as to hold the shaft still whilst I undo the bolts.  Anyone know where to get the puller for the camshaft thingy?  I have a number of 3 legged ones but none can be made to work successfully ( by me).


BJ
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigdave982 on August 01, 2015, 07:23:32 PM
Not that ive done one myself,but do you need to remove camshaft pulley to just replace head gasket?
Surely lift head off and camshaft etc comes with it

Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on August 02, 2015, 02:20:23 AM
Unless the O.P means there's a bolt for the rear timing belt cover (http://eucatparts.com/?action=cat_ford_part&s_id_part=24862&s_id_model=99&s_code_image=D002117302) which is obscured by the camshaft hub.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 02, 2015, 06:58:38 PM
Yes that is my problem. But I managed to get round it by sliding the head over the timing cover.  I did however really struggle to get the manifolds off. In the end I removed the inlet manifold and then lifted the head complete with the exhaust manifold and turbo. The biggest issues I had was that the exhaust studs - one of which sheared and then the turbo oil feed pipe when trying to undo it,  twisted and broke. So I need a new one of those.

I have to say there is no obvious blowing of the gasket but then after 225k miles I suppose that is reason enough.  Thinking of Mirez's manifold cleaning I had a good look at mine - remarkably clear - Slight deposits but nothing to get excited about.

I now need to find out where I can get the turbo oil feed pipe from.  I also need a new turbo to exhaust gasket.

I'll elt you know how that progresses - if at all.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: Chrispb on August 02, 2015, 10:25:32 PM
Have a good check for hairline cracks aroung the valves
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 04, 2015, 10:00:05 PM
Got a new turbo oil feed pipe, new studs for the turbo to exhaust and a new gasket & nuts.  I am now in the process of taking out all of the valves to fit new stem seals - bit tricky but so far so good. 7 more to go!!.  I still need to remove the camshaft pulley as I want to replace the oil seal. Still thinking about that one.   I have removed the camshaft - the bearings show quite a bit of wear but I think that I will replace them as is.  If I could find them cheaply enough I might replace but I will see. I'm not going to interfere with the injectors as they have been working OK as far as I can tell. There isn't a combustion chamber per se in the head as this takes place in the crown of the piston - but all are pretty clean and very little carbon.
I looked at the turbo - no obvious movement on the bearing and very little apparent wear.

Once I have finished with the valve stems I'll start putting it back together.


This is the first diesel I have ever taken to bits.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: sasquartch on August 05, 2015, 10:09:34 AM
Might be worth replacing the injector loom whilst its all in bits, a common cause of misfires on high milers
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 05, 2015, 10:14:07 AM
  Good idea, but as it has always worked and money is tight I'll leave as is - probably only to curse when it goes wrong later!!   If I can't get everything working again I'll have to scrap it as I won't be throwing money away. That said I am quietly confident all can be repaired.

I hadn't realised that you also need to replace the camshaft bearing bolts as they too are stretch type.   More money!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: Russats on August 05, 2015, 01:51:38 PM
Might be worth replacing the injector loom whilst its all in bits, a common cause of misfires on high milers

Yes...... That's exactly what I did to cure mine  ;)
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 11, 2015, 11:22:16 AM
I have at last managed to get the valve stem seals in - after much alteration of my valve lifter - The collets and my fat fingers don't mix!.

The head is now sitting on the car waiting to be torqued down - I have removed the egr valve and to allow better access to the exhaust manifold bolts and the inlet manifold as well.  I was going to replace the turbo oil pipe before fitting the head but it looked like that would make it difficult to get the pipe in so I left that for later.

More soon.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on August 13, 2015, 05:55:25 PM
Did you get the camshaft sprocket off?!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 15, 2015, 01:32:20 PM
Yes I managed to get a puller from Machine Mart for 14 that did the trick OK.  Its all back in the car and I started it for the first time this morning. Starts and runs OK so far, but I do have quite a big oil leak down the back of the engine - Which I think is coming from the rocker cover as I could not do up the last bolt - (right in front of the EGR box.  It isn't coming from the turbo or any other place that I can see.  I need to take it off again anyway to re torque the head bolts so I will try and devise a way of getting it done up.

I also have struggled to get a clip for the off side drive shaft boot - I have the Polish conversion and the clip is non standard so for now I'll have to use a tie wrap - Not happy with that but I want to get the thing back on the road.

More as it happens.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on August 15, 2015, 10:42:41 PM
That wasn't the Exeter (Marsh Barton) Machine Mart was it by any chance?! Or did you order it online? If you get really stuck I might be able to get some sort of clip that'll do the job through my line of work.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: JEREMYH on August 16, 2015, 09:09:57 AM
Im not sure if your near Exeter but there is some talk about it in the last post !!! :-\

You may be able to get the drive shaft clip from Kennys car parts on Marsh Barton .

Its a small world I live in Cullompton . Thanks for sharing your step by step top end rebuild . Its nice to know what challenges are involved even when my car is not even the same engine 
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 16, 2015, 09:14:24 AM
No Insanitybeard I am in Bournemouth.   I'll keep looking.  But thank you very much for the offer

Thanks for the comments Jeremy.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on August 16, 2015, 05:29:35 PM
Im not sure if your near Exeter but there is some talk about it in the last post !!! :-\

You may be able to get the drive shaft clip from Kennys car parts on Marsh Barton .

Its a small world I live in Cullompton . Thanks for sharing your step by step top end rebuild . Its nice to know what challenges are involved even when my car is not even the same engine

I'm not sure if it's the same guy who still owns Kenny's but if it is I used to work with him when he worked at the then Evans Halshaw Ford garage (now Vospers!)

As for a top end rebuild, I reckon your VR6 engine would be more aggro than the TDI!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 16, 2015, 11:06:42 PM
Well after 6 mile gentle run everything seemed fine.  I decided to go to the shops when I felt a decided bump and the engine seized solid. I had to get towed home.  I hven'done any investigation as yet but I have feeling my engine is well & truly buggered.  I'll have a look tomorrow but I think I may be scrapping the old girl.  Watch this space!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on August 17, 2015, 12:12:44 AM
Shite. After all that work too!  :(
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 17, 2015, 11:13:15 AM
Took out number one glow plug - bent.  So it must have dropped a valve.  I will assume that if I am lucky I can get away with just replacing the head?  But then I have to find a head!!

I'll think this one over for a while.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 17, 2015, 06:36:19 PM
I thinking of buying a second hand engine complete.- Has anyone removed the engine/gearbox complete before?  Does it come out via the top of down through the bottom?  I think down looks easier but I am not sure.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on August 17, 2015, 06:58:42 PM
Out from the bottom for sure I.M.O, that way you can leave the turbo, manifolds etc all in place and then drop  the whole lump complete. You may need to take the subframe down first though to ensure nothing snags or gets caught on the way out, though you may get away without removing it. I'm inclined to say lifting out through the top would be very difficult if not impossible, A) because of the overhanging windscreen and bulkhead design and B) because IIRC the gearbox mounting point on the chassis protrudes partly across the top of the gearbox and would be in the way if trying to lift the unit upwards.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 17, 2015, 10:27:02 PM
Thanks

I'll just need to find a good engine!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 23, 2015, 03:01:14 PM
Still looking.  The Haynes manual suggests that you can remove the engine etc. by removing the front of the car.  You do of course have to remove radiator and condenser etc. but that isn't a problem but will it work and is there any benefit?

Any ideas?
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on August 23, 2015, 07:44:29 PM
If you're happy to remove the front panel (and therefore also the radiator, condenser, intercooler etc) and bumper then yes, it'll give you lots more room to work with. Also, if you're planning on leaving the car on the floor and don't have a ramp to lift it with then it'll make it easier as you won't have to worry about lifting the car up enough at the front end to give enough space to pull the engine/gearbox unit through from underneath once you've dropped it onto the deck, and if you're using an engine crane you'll be able to lower/ remove it in one go.

If you choose to go down this route, just bear in mind that due to the design of the vehicle/ front panel, you'll have to degas the air con (which you probably figured anyway in the course of removing the condenser!).
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 23, 2015, 09:57:24 PM
Thanks Paul,   My air con has been out of action for more than a year so no issue with removing the condenser etc.  If I take the front bumper etc. off will that leave a clear space  - i.e. a gap in the front that I can pull the engine out of,  does it still have to come out from below?

I will hire an engine lift - I do have some serious stands that are good for 3 tons each so no issue with getting it into the air - well maybe with approx. 2' 6" of clearance.  I assume I would be able to tip it backwards to drag it out if it doesn't come out through the front.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on August 24, 2015, 01:11:44 PM
The clearest picture I have to demonstrate is with the radiator still installed but everything else removed. It should give you an idea anyway- if you take the front panel and bumper etc off, then with an engine crane, you should simply be able to take the weight of the engine, remove the mounts and then just pull the whole lot straight out (forward) with the crane, no additional lifting or jacking required.


[attachimg=1]


Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 25, 2015, 09:24:48 AM
Brilliant Paul, that illustrates it perfectly.

Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on August 29, 2015, 01:43:00 PM
Does anyone know whether the engine from an automatic would fit in the manual?  Is anything different about the crankshaft etc?
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigdave982 on August 29, 2015, 06:26:39 PM
Tradituonaly autos in general have different flywheel to bolt torque converter onto rather than clutch. Also sometime different camshaft profile, but that was before ecu's
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 12, 2015, 08:59:31 PM
Looking at the TIS under specs it shows no difference for the auto over the manual.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on September 13, 2015, 12:14:53 AM
I can't imagine there would be, like Dave says the auto would have a drive plate/ring gear for the torque converter to fit to instead of the dual mass flywheel fitted to the manual but the mountings for either into the end of the crank should be exactly the same.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 14, 2015, 11:56:37 AM
I received an e mail from a Ford dealer who I asked if I were to order an AUY engine would it make any difference whether it was Manual or auto - the answer was  .... none!

So as usual Mirez and you chaps were correct. Well I'll find out tomorrow as I have ordered the Auto engine off E bay and it should arrive tomorrow - so we'll see what happens then.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 17, 2015, 01:06:44 PM
Well the engine turned up on Tuesday - It had a lot of damage to various peripheral parts but the basic lump is fine. One question I do have - The replacement came off an Auto - and doesn't have the oil level indicator switch located in the sump.  I haven't looked properly yet but is that something I just have to swap over or will I have to swap the sumps?

 I have just finished transferring all of the bits from mine on to it - I just have to do the cam belt timing then put the gearbox back on and then the fun starts! it is so heavy to manoeuvre - I don't have an engine lift so am blocking it up to the correct height then will roll the car forward and hopefully all will be well.

I'll let you know how I get on. :P
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on September 18, 2015, 12:17:02 AM
You'll need to swap the sump over if your old unit has the oil level sensor fitted but the new one doesn't, although both castings are basically the same the one with the sensor fitted has some extra machining (screw threads and sensor hole) which is absent on the version which is not fitted with a sensor.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 19, 2015, 04:27:46 PM
Thanks Paul - I will change the sump over - I just need to remove all of the oil from the old one. Then I'll take it off.

I now have the engine in, my block platform worked a treat with a little jiggling with the jack.  I have all the electrical and water connections connections back in place - the only things left to do are drive shaft bolts to tighten - and then to bleed the clutch .

I say the only thing but I still need to put the front back on - but it is so easy having really easy access - so I will bleed the clutch before I put that back on.

Getting there - slowly!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 21, 2015, 10:36:41 PM
Clutch now bled - I used the reverse method - basically pumped fluid from the slave connector back through to the reservoir - definitely better than the traditional method.  If the weather holds I'll put the front back on and try firing it up! ???
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 22, 2015, 12:35:26 PM
Everything all back together now. Engine started and running well. I now have lost most of my  gears - I must have moved the selector while moving the gear box.   I can only get 1st by going over to the reverse position - I cannot get 2nd or 3rd. Apart from that it drives well!!

Can anyone enlighten me as to how I get my gears back in the right place?
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: Mirez on September 22, 2015, 01:16:01 PM
Re-align the gear-shift mechanism. There are youtube vids on it but the basics are to lock the selector lever (by removing the gaitor and inserting a nail in the lock holes), then you de-spring the couplers at the other end of the cables and then re-latch them.

Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 22, 2015, 02:45:19 PM
Many thanks Mirez

It's a real pig to get my fat hands in to reach these bits now that everything is back ij place but I will persevere!!!!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 22, 2015, 06:00:01 PM
Well thanks to Mirez all is now as it should. I have all 6 forward and one reverse gear.  So far it seems like I have a successful transplant on my hands. The automatic engine that the guy sold me as only suitable for an automatic is working fine in my manual!!

I'll update you with any follow up. Hopefully there won't be any and I will have a quiet time with everything working well.

BJ :-\
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigdave982 on September 22, 2015, 07:07:39 PM
Good work that man
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: Chrispb on September 22, 2015, 08:20:17 PM
Well done BJ  [GJ]
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 22, 2015, 09:34:11 PM
Thanks Chaps

There are two small faults that are probably linked - I have lost the temp sens and the parking sensors for the front - I must have missed a connector or two.

I didn't take any pictures bar two of the engine sitting on the wooden platform I made - There really wasn't much point  - but I will upload those soon for what it's worth.

BJ
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 23, 2015, 03:53:49 PM
Fixed the parking sensors and while I was doing that I realised I had forgotten to connect the fog lamps.

I haven't found the external temp sender - can anyone tell me where it is located please?


Cheers

BJ
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on September 23, 2015, 04:16:12 PM
Here. (https://www.fordmpv.com/smf2/ford-galaxy/engine-air-intake/msg1463/#msg1463)

(centre of the image below the crash beam)
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigdave982 on September 23, 2015, 05:34:58 PM
Theres one on the wiper linkage too
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: Mirez on September 23, 2015, 08:00:29 PM
The wiper linkage one is used exclusively by the aux heater in the rear, the air temp display is only handled by the one on the front crash bar :)

Great work Gary, I can't say I would have wanted to take that on at home without the aid of some serious kit and to do it quickly with only a few small issues is impressive.  cheers
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 23, 2015, 10:06:51 PM
Thanks Mark

The only real difficulties if you discount the losing of air con Gas ( I didn't have any) were the sheer weight of the engine/gearbox.  Once the front of the car was off it was just a question of undoing and noting all the pipes and wires.  I made a wooden platform to rest the complete unit on which made re installation a doddle.   Everything is now working and working well so I am happy.

Thanks for all the assistance - it really is appreciated.   The help this site gives is invaluable.

Gary ( BJ) :D ;D
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on September 23, 2015, 10:29:47 PM
Result! Have you changed the engine oil & filter for peace of mind?

EDIT- if you changed the sumps over for the level sensor then you'll have refilled with fresh oil so disregard this post!  :-[
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 24, 2015, 06:04:26 PM
I used a silicon sealant for the sump and yes new oil & filter. I also replaced the timing belt and tensioner - so all you should be well for a while.

Can anyone point out where the engine number is as I suppose I ought to tell the DVLA!!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on September 25, 2015, 12:31:14 PM
An old Ford databook I have says it should be stamped on the block above the bell housing:

[attachimg=1]
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 25, 2015, 02:17:23 PM
Thanks for that Paul

The old engine is easy I just look at the log book but the new one that's a different proposition as it isn't easy to see there at all!!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on September 25, 2015, 02:35:09 PM
Would have been easy before you put the engine in!  :D

Yeah, especially with the coolant pipe branch obscuring it from above and the general lack of space it's gonna be a case of struggling with a torch and mirror. Mind you, if it's that hard to see then the plod or vehicle inspectorate aren't likely to bother either!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: Mirez on September 25, 2015, 05:25:14 PM
Would have been easy before you put the engine in!  :D

Paul, I would prepare your face for a slap! :)
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: insanitybeard on September 25, 2015, 06:10:51 PM
Paul, I would prepare your face for a slap! :)

Indeed, metaphorically speaking..... otherwise he'll have to drive 80 miles first!  :P
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on September 26, 2015, 08:42:43 AM


No fool like an old fool I believe is the correct expression ???
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on October 18, 2015, 07:12:49 PM
Engine timing

When I put the new tensioner and belt on I used the marks to set the timing. I think everything is OK but how do I check that the timing is spot on? I would use a timing light on a petrol but have no idea how to do this on a diesel if it needs doing at all.

Can anyone enlighten me?
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: Mirez on October 18, 2015, 08:07:47 PM
The PD is quite open with regards to exact timing, the ecu can cater for quite a wide discrepancy (in the context of timing, it won't handle a tooth out etc). You can use VCDS to check out the exact timing: Engine > Measuring Blocks > Block 4 > Torsion Value (Cell 4). Its a good guide as generally you want it as close to 0 as possible but the ECU might already be attempting to correct so don't take it as gospel.
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on October 19, 2015, 11:09:51 AM
Thanks

I'll give that a try sometime soon!!
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on October 19, 2015, 03:01:38 PM
I have another question:

My remote key seems to work intermittently, I have replaced the batteries - the lights always work when pressing either button but sometimes it feels like there is no communication with the receiving end.  Is this likely to be the key unit or is it possible that there is a problem elsewhere?

Any advice gratefully received.

BJ
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: gregers on October 19, 2015, 10:58:57 PM
do you have another remote to test?
it might be a dry solder on the pcb?
Title: Re: Head Gasket or ?
Post by: bigjeeze on October 21, 2015, 11:19:04 AM
Thanks Gregers

I don't think it's a solder issue - but I will look at that. I think this is a fairly common issue - I just don't know what the answer is!!